Thursday, May 16, 2019

History of the Event Industry Essay

Throughout the years the display case attention has gained a major place in everyday life. From the first issues of the 19th century, such as the Great army, to a 2012 melody festival. The yield assiduity has developed a ample help to our countrys economy. To the extent of which the government is supporting and promoting takingss as part of their strategies for economic development (Bowdin and Allen, 2006). There argon several types of events. Nowadays, in that location is al around an event for allthing imaginable. First, we go forth probe what exactly an event is and the different type of events, then we allow be looking at the origins of years. Therefore, we result be able to estimate the future of events. First, there are several definitions of event from different authors. Accepted Practices Exchange Industry Glossary (2003) defines an event as an nonionic occasion such as a meeting, convention, exhibition, special event, gala dinner, etc. An event is often re present of several different yet related functions.Events enable people to meet up and exchange. There is a capacious variety of events within quatern important categories leisure events, cultural events, organizational events and personal events. vacuous events are an of the essence(predicate) and growing part of the event industry. Indeed, enjoyment events drop generate a huge amount of money for a country beca give they do non only attract the locals, they attract tourists. Therefore, ad comes in thanks to the media coverage, generating extra money. Sport events not only bring benefits(to their host governments and sport presidential terms, simply also benefit participants such as players, coaches and officials, and bring entertainment to spectators (Bowdin and Allen, 2006, p. 20). Cultural events backside be ceremonial, sacred, heritage, esthetical or musical (Shone and Parry, 2004).Events like these are highly linked with tourism, so they generate income for the ev ent hosts and for the confederacy as the tourists do not commonly only go to the event, they stay in hotels, go shopping, etc. Most towns are known thanks to the festivals they host, for instance, study is known for the music festival named after the town, the Reading Festival. Organisational events include sales, conferences, charities, politic meetings, business meetings, etc. If we look into conferences, Rogers defines conferences as an out-of-office meeting of at least four hours duration involving a minimum of eight people (Rogers, 2003 p.19). For instance, the G20 conference reunites the leaders of the top 20 man economies to discuss the current situation and make important decisions. These conferences pull in high importance so the mean of the event has to be perfect. Finally, personal events are the last type of event. It can include get marrieds, birthdays, anniversaries or funerals. ain events are belittleder than the other type of events. Weddings are very popula r in the event industry people spend a lot of money on their weddings therefore expecting a perfect organisation. person-to-person events are supposedly events where the host has a personal link with every guest and the event is usually put together for one or two people. Having seen all the different types of events, we can now analyse the history of the event industry. First of all, the event industry began when events dealed trained event managers. However, historically, the organisation of small events did not require any specific expertise. For instance, a wedding would be managed by the brides mother. or so families still do it that way however, some people prefer to pay a professional event manager to avoid having to do the numerous tasks and to avoid the stress involved in organising such an important event. Therefore, event managers began to emerge. Moreover, when big events emerged, an event manager was essential. Such as, the Great Exhibition at the Crystal castle in 1851 which was conceived to symbolize this industrial, military and economic superiority of Great Britain. (http//www.victorianstation.com/palace.html, 2001 online).It was an event recognized almost everywhere in the world which hugely helped the British economy as it was a broad way to publicise their industry. According to Dale (1995) the Great Exhibition was a big success which hosted over 6 million visitors. The event do a considerable profit of over 180 000 (Exhibition Committee, 1995). This was the first big international avocation show and therefore many an(prenominal) exhibition venues started emerging, for instance, the Royal Agricultural Hall in 1862 or capital of Washington a few years later (Bowdin and Allen, 2006, p.6). So the 1850s is when the organisational events started to emerge but the sport events started many years before that. Indeed, sport events, such as, the equestrian event called the Royal Ascot appeared in 1711 and the famous Oxford and Cambridge g ravy holder Race in 1829.The UK is known for its sporting events and most of them are originally from the eighteenth and nineteenth century. riotous events were very popular at the time and still are, so they kept emerging throughout the years. For example, the FA loving cup emerged in 1872 and Wimbledon appeared in 1877 which is a huge success in the tennis world and it represented the high class in the British society. These events attracted many visitors, therefore providing major benefits for local economies (English Tourism, 1999).Cultural events such as, music festivals began to come forth in the event industry from the early 1870s with the Workington Festival. Later in that period, the weather Night of the Proms appeared which is probably one of the biggest music events in the world (Bowdin and Allen, 2006, p.7). The Last Night of the Proms was set up to encourage people who would not normally attend to classical concerts but who would be attracted by the low-spirited tic ket prices and a laid-back atmosphere. Robert Newman, the founder of the event, (Nedal, 2010,online) announced his goals as such I am overtaking to run nightly concerts and train the public by easy stages. Popular at first, gradually education the standard until I have created a public for classical and modern music.After noticing the growth of events, woodwind (1982) drew attention to the start of the event industry. She recognised that organising popular celebrations required wealth for people to introduce therefore bank holidays emerged, such as, the Silver Jubilee and the Golden Jubilee. These bank holidays enabled the working class to participate in the events thanks to their paid days off. This is when the government starts paying more than(prenominal) attention to the event industry.After the bit World War, events are recognised to be of high importance to the economy of the country. Indeed, hundreds of festivals emerged thanks to the general add of wealth and the is olated time availability. Foreign cultural events increased as well, for instance, the West Indian society founded the Notting Hill Carnival in 1964 to celebrate and commemorate their ancestors freedom from slavery (Holder, 2001). Around the 1970s, a large amount of popular music festivals appeared, for example, the Pilton Festival and the Isle of Wight Festival.The Isle of Wight festival was a huge success on the popularity front but it had a few organisational issues. The entry fee became free as they lost control of admissions due to an overcrowded venue. After that incident, the Isle of Wight festival stopped for a few years (Bowdin and Allen, 2006, p.9). Moreover, from the 1970s, the government and the local authorities financed a range of raw multipurpose venues, including the Wembley Exhibition Centre. From then onwards, development of outdoor and indoor venues has not stopped increasing. With the increase of events, event is turning into a professional sector.We have seen how the event industry has developed, however, now we bequeath look at the technological changes and the station improvements that have revolutionised events. First, the appearance of the tv set had a big impact on events. It enabled people to watch any given event whilst sitting in a sofa therefore, any event that was broadcasted on television had a considerably larger audience. The Los Angeles Olympic Games was one of the first events to be broadcasted on television. It was a great success as the economic benefits were very high (Bowdin and Allen, 2006, p.10). We will now analyse the relatively recent Olympic Games to demonstrate how the technological changes and the transport improvements made the events so successful compared to the past Olympic Games. First, transport made the games more accessible. The number of f wilds increased so the speed of travel was faster and more regular.In addition, huge container ships, super tankers, appeared making it easier for the hosting c ountries to import a huge amount of material goods for the establishment of the venues and the sport facilities. So it made the Olympics bigger in size which meant that there was a bigger audience and more sport athletes. Furthermore, the appearance of computers made life much easier for event managers as they could do all their organisation plans on their PC and virtually design the whole event. When internet emerged it made communication much easier and more efficient. Indeed, for someone to receive an email it takes around 3 seconds which is a bonus for stressed event managers who need to have quick answers. Computing and event managing went to another level when Skype appeared. The service allows users to communicate with peers by character using a microphone, video by using a webcam, and instant messaging over the Internet. (Techspot, 2012 online). Skype enables organisers to have video conferences with each other wherever they might be.For example, if a meeting is taking plac e in London and one of the members is in Japan they can still have a live talk with him on the computer screen. This probably often happened in the process of planning the London Olympics. Another technologic origination is the smartphone. Indeed, this is a very recent invention which can do a huge amount, on the move. The main advantage of smartphones is the applications available. Applications that can give you all the latest news about the Olympics live, or some can tell you the easiest way to get to the event. An application that is often use by smartphone owners is the QR barcode reader which is a new form of advertisement for businesses. The idea is that the smartphone acts like a barcode reader thanks to the camera so it can read any given QR code for the advert to appear on the smartphones screen.For example, when the Olympics had an advertisement for cut-price tickets to see the games and it had a QR code, the smartphone owner could scan the code which would send them to the website to get the cheap tickets. All these applications made the Olympics much more accessible and just easier to gather information. Moreover, for the opening ceremony of the London Olympics, the lighting engineering science was highly impressive with all the latest technology. The pixel animations were made to draw the audience, in the arena and notice it on the television. It consisted making animations with the lights that where placed on the edge of every spectator in the stadium. A summarise of 27 animated sequences, lasting 75 minutes, were created for the closing ceremony, using 634,500 individual LED pixels that together created what is believed to be the largest video screen ( splice A.,2012 online).All this new technology used for the Olympics is one of the reasons why it was so popular. And it will, most likely, be used in future events. Putting the Olympics aside, a technological feature that has recently been used in a music festival is the hologram. A hologra m is a technique which enables three-dimensional images to be made (Concert Boom, 2011, online). In a concert in the United States a well-known rapper who died in 1996, Tupac, appeared on stage in 3D. A life-size hologram of Tupac who stunned the crowd of 75,000 fans when he appeared onstage (Fitzmaurice and Mcconnell, 2012, online). It shows to what extent technology can go in the event world.After seeing how the event industry has changed, it raises the question of where the event industry is going. For many years, technology has not stopped emerging in events. Therefore, event managers have to adapt to the constant change of technology. Ecology is another factor that event managers have to be aware of. Indeed, the environment has become a big issue. Events, such as festival, are not usually environmentally friendly. Therefore, event managers will have to research different ways of avoiding damaging the environment which will change events. Due to the environmental changes, the pr ice of transport will get higher because of the petrol shortage. Events will, therefore, be more expensive. Furthermore, health and safety regulations will most likely get stricter so events might stand a bit of their creative freedom.The event industry will have to adapt to the future changes in society to keep the society interested in events. Creativity with the use of technology, such as the use of the hologram, will keep the crowd interested. So the future of successful big events will be downwards to creativity, the use of technology and the environmental consequences of the event. However, even if big events will constantly evolve, it does not mean that handed-down events, such as weddings, will change. Indeed, there is only a minimum of technology that a wedding needs to be successful. Therefore, unless the whole concept of a wedding changes, weddings will, more or less, stay the same. It will be the same for birthday celebrations and anniversaries.Throughout this paper, we have discovered that events have a considerable graphic symbol in todays society and that events have evolved a huge amount throughout the years. By looking at the changes of events throughout the years, it should be possible to have an idea of the future of events. However, anything can happen and we do not know what new invention will see the light that will change the whole event industry. But the common idea seems to be that the technology and the environment are the two main factors that will change the big events, such as sport events, but the traditional events will not change.ReferencesBond A. (2010) The greatest disco on Earth Pixel animations turn Olympic Stadium into psychedelic light show. In MailOnline.online available from http//www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2187468/The-greatest-disco-Earth-Pixe

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