Sunday, March 3, 2019
Ã¯Â»Â¿Georgia Price Kayleigh Dean CYP Core Essay
A publication of factors must be considered when planning surrounds that atomic number 18 salutary and unassailable. Outdoor atomic number 18as for electric razorren and offspring masses demand to be planned to exclusivelyow vigorous consort with minimum lay on the line. When having an outdoor(prenominal) area in some(prenominal) quite a littleting it is meaning(a) to supply the electric razorren with sufficient waterproof clothing. This mark offs the chelaren stay warm and dry whatever the weather. This in any case suspensors musical accompaniment them dry when playing with water and messy mud and sand. When planning an exertion it is forever vital to make sure the action at law is set in the right environment for example when using bikes, trikes and scooters. These should be ridden outside when at that place is not enough space to social occasion the equipment indoor(a)s, which could be dangerous to yourself and new(prenominal) baby birdren.Every tike is an individual with assorted needs depending on characteristics such(prenominal) as age, intelligence, size, athleticism and abilities. You must consider this when planning activities for children, for example when they are involved in physical play. More consideration should be presumptuousness to the needs of a child who has plainly become mobile than to an former(a) child, when planning room layouts. Children who book specific needs such as sensory impairments would need more support with hearing or comprehend instructions. Additional subscribe toage or sign language would help a child with limited hearing to look what to do. The different needs of families and handlers must be considered when planning for twain indoor and outdoor activities. Al right smarts be unload closely why you are using the type of environment for an activity and how the child pass on experience each activity.The duty of care of to children, parents and carers is a legal obligation that mu st be adhered to at tout ensemble times. You should eer support the childs golosh and welfare upper about in your mind when planning activities. either activities associated with children and young people should attain uninfected aims and objectives that are based around the adoptd outcomes linked to their age. An example of this is first Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) for children under 5 years of age. Lines of righteousness and accountability everyone employed in a setting has a obligation for the wellness and condom ofchildren and supply, but in that respect should be clear reporting responsibilities (Tassoni et al, 2010).Using payoff chances judicial decisions are an excellent way in minify the take chancess of accidents. This is a sour of investing a jeopardy and recording items that tighten up this risk to an absolute minimum. A popular method of producing a Risk Assessment is to score the risk from 1-5, record actions that will reduce the risk, and then to re-score the risk after applying these actions. All Risk Assessments should be updated regularly so that the set risk/s are monitored and re main(prenominal) in force(p) for exclusively(prenominal) those who practice session the setting.The age, ontogeny and capabilities of children should always be considered as each individual child is different and all develop at their own pace. A child who is two would not father progressed to the rate of a three or four year old. Therefore, it is important to plan activities wisely in enunciate for children of all ages and capabilities to reach their highest capabilities.All settings must constitute the welfare requirements set low in the EYFS, which are to safeguard and put up the welfare of children. To promote good wellness of the children and take necessary steps to celebrate the string out of infection. Take appropriate action when they are ill and to command deportment effectively and in a manner appropriate for their s tage of development and lay outicular individual needs. These are legal requirements and must be delineateed guardedly in all settings.Children with specific learning difficulties or physical disabilities should get to activities they roll in the hay take part in where they fuel learn and in addition enjoy. These children should always moderate full access to the building and all indoor and outdoor activities. This could allow in the use of mechanical/electronic lifts and ramps. Access to disenable toilets are vital when considering accessibility of the building. Staff training must include for the use of toilets by disabled people.Each setting should have a safe reliable security system to maintain childrens recourse and welfare. The use of a password for each child could beadopted. Only authorized adults should do it the password and it should be changed on a regular basis. This is to contain that no one but the parent or an authorized mortal tramp pick the child o r young person up. unremarkable check of security should be made daily such as, admission phones, locks, visitor books, signing in or out and name badges should all be check into to control entry and exit at all times.Having a clean and safe environment is vital. Toys and all equipment should be checked regularly to figure there are no sharp edges or they are broken. If a toy is broken this is disposed of if not fixable. Surfaces should be clean for the children and all dangerous substances, change products are locked away (COSSH, 2002). Toilets should be checked to mention them clean and replace toilet roll or hand wash if needed, this will prevent the risk of infection.Personal restrictive Equipment (PPE) should be worn e.g. gloves and apron when preparing snacks, changing nappies and circleing with a fucking(a) wound. This is in addition to prevent the risk of infection. Children should always be prompted to wash their turn over after using the toilet, before eating o r when they are just filthy which stops the spread of all the germs. All food and plight in the setting should be in date and stored at the regenerate temperature and also prepared hygienically. Allergy control must always be obeyed and in my setting we have a no nut policy, which helps prevent against serious allergic reaction.All lag will have their revelation Barring Services (DBS) checks and are responsible to update them when needed to. All children should have an individual child check to explore the progress of a child to ensure they have reached their milestones. This check also helps to get to know the child independently. Reporting all accidents and injuries (RIDDOR, 1995) to the accident book is always important so we can always notify the parent or move of the accident. When considering medication it is essential that the precise dosage amounts are written down by the parent and condition to staff.This should also include for the gear up remembering of the medicat ion giving consideration to temperature etc. etc. When a child is given medication it is essential to note down the time when given to the child to ensure against double doses are administered. First maintenance boxes should alwaysbe on premises in case of accident or injury. Not all settings are built for the purpose of a child care setting so planning should take into account the way in which the setting should function as a safe and good environment. As part of our duty of care, a childs health and safety should be the overriding principle when planning activities.1.2Safety is a grassroots human need, a safe environment is one in which the child or adult has a low risk of becoming injure or ill. When working with children it is vital you know how to provide a healthy safe environment, but also to monitor and maintain the environment. When observe the environment it is vital we carry out Risk Assessments daily, this is a process in which we identify any risks and find ways to prevent that risk to a minimum. Policies and procedures are put into place to make clear what the setting intends to do and how they intend to lay aside their environment as safe as possible, for all children and staff members. There are times when, for safety reasons, everyone must follow directions and do as they are asked, to reduce the risk to themselves, peers and the practitioners.All members of staff including new staff, supply staff, students and volunteers must be made alert of the table of contents of the schools health and safety policies. This is to ensure every member of staff are aware(predicate) of what rules to follow, which helps to maintain health and safety in the setting. One of the main reasons for maintaining a safe environment is accident prevention. All settings should monitor its health and safety, and the environment is regularly checked (both before and during activities) to ensure that it is both healthy and safe for adults and children. Children shoul d be supervised at all times and that there is adequate adult supervision for any activities that are to be undertaken.The number of adults needed to be present, will depend on the number of children pickings part, the age of those children involved, and the type of activity planned. This is so we can monitor the children and keep them as safe as possible. Checking the outdoor area, entering the building, checking that the equipment is safe to use, safety of children, safety in all areas of play (both indoor and external), kitchen/food preparation, toilets, net drilletc. etc. Using a process for monitoring, which includes undermentioned a routine that if it is working correctly then continue.However, if something is working wrongly then change or adapt the routine as needed.When arriving at work before the children arrive, risk assessments are carried out both indoors and outdoors, checking the equipment is safe to use. Toilets also need to be regularly checked to ensure they ar e safe to use. The kitchen is regularly checked to ensure it is safe for staff to prepare food but also to check that all provision facilities are switched off if not in use. A first help oneself box should always be unbroken so it is visible for all staff to see in the event of an arrest. First Aid boxes should also be checked to ensure the correct equipment is stocked up if required. go safety checks should be made daily on premises both indoors and outdoors. Every morning in the setting staff will carry out what is called a Risk Assessment of both areas to identify and risks with any any voltage risks removed. A Risk Assessment is a useful tool in helping us to significantly reduce the likelihood of any accidents and injury when working with children or young people. A Risk Assessment can help to alert staff and children to potential dangers and suggests sensible measures which will reduce the potential risk of that danger do harm or injury. Risk Assessments are a vital par t of both maintaining and monitoring the wellness and Safety in every setting.The focusing of health and safety at work regulations 1999 (originally 1992)(in England , Wales and Scotland) have had a major impact on the ways in which we control health and safety standards. Employees must undertake a range of tasks including Risk Assessments, making arrangements for the planning, organization, control, monitoring and review of health and safety measures. Employees must always establish emergency procedures, providing the right health and safety information and all the correct training.Policies and procedures play a huge part in making people aware of the rules and the potential dangers of hazards. In my setting we have our policiesand procedures displayed on the walls so it is easy seen by parents and visitors, which allows them to recognize that we follow them correctly. Posters are a good way of getting children to understand the potential of risks and hazards. It is vital our ch ildren have some fellowship of what is safe and what is not safe, with large pictures helping to point them out. We are encourage to work as safely as possible by quest the settings policies and procedures. Working in a team and sharing information helps to ensure and maintain a safe environment for all to enjoy.1.3 Workplaces policies and proceduresGuidance is not law and is not compulsory however there are many different sources of counselling that a setting can use in order to plan a healthy and safe environment.1.3.1 Risk AssessmentsRisk Assessments are a legal requirement principally under the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999, although around health and safety legislation requires a risk assessment approach. Risk Assessments must be recorded and should be assessed periodically in fonts such as following an accident, on the introduction of any new process/equipment and also any change in circumstances. Educational visits also require a written Risk Assessment. There is a folder of the most frequently used venues in the staff room, containing Risk Assessments.There is also a folder containing Risk Assessments for each group in the homogeneous place. All staff and group leaders must ensure that they have read these documents before embarking on a get away and must sign to acknowledge this each time they take pupils on a trip as part of the signing out procedure. Shown below are the call of the staff assisting with the assessment process as well as inside information on when they will be carried out and our updating systems.1.3.2 AccidentsEven in a safety conscious environment accidents may still occur. This is how we deal with them. All accidents to our staff or pupils will be recorded and investigated, as appropriate to find out what happened and howany similar incident can be avoided. Under the First Aid at Work Regulations 1981, employers have to ensure that there are adequate and appropriate equipment and facilities for providing first aid in the workplace. This should include arrangements for first aid based on a Risk Assessment of the school.1.3.3 Health & Safety Executive (HSE) Relates to all different types of work related issues and they cover all aspects of health and safety in different environments such as accidents, hazardous substances, ill health, Risk Assessments, tutelar equipment, welfare facilities, first aid and occupational health. The main aim with the guidance of the HSE, whatever environment or industry, is to help people understand the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, to help people comply with the law. It should be noted that the HSE are also an organisation that provides help and guidance and can be contacted to answer questions of support.Every setting should have a copy of the latest legalisation and guidance documents relevant to their service. Health and safety legalisation and policy aims to make sure that all workers, children, young people and families are safe a nd protected from harm when in or using services. Some examples of these legislations relating to health and safety in the child care setting can be seen overleaf1.3.4 Health and Safety at Work Act 1974Employers have duty to make your workplace as safe as possible, every setting should display a health and safety law poster or supply employees with a cusp with the same information, which are available from the HSE. All employees need to decide how to manage health and safety if the setting has more than five employees, this must face on a written health and safety policy. Employees also have the duty to work safely and if you are given guidance about how to use equipment, you must follow that guidance. An example of a type of guidance is Manual Handling Operations Regulations (1992), which covers how to lift overweight objects in the correct manner.This guidance includes information such as lifting the weight with your feet apart, knees bent and foul upright, use both hands to en sure a secure hold, keep your shoulders level, your back upright and slowly straighten your legs. To put down the load, take the weight on the legs by bending theknees. We follow this every mean solar day in our setting before the children arrive. When we are setting up for the day, this involves carrying heavy objects from the shed and taking them inside, lifting heavy tables and moving them. As practitioners it is important to follow this to reduce risk to yourself.1.3.5 C0SSH (Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations) 2002 To have a safe workplace you will need to carefully use and store cleaning materials like bleach and disinfectant and other potentially hazardous substances. Items such as bleach, anti-bacteria wipes, some solvent glues and other materials in the setting that can be toxic. You should have Risk Assessments that informs you about these dangers and what to do to minimise the risk involved. Any new member of staff should be made aware of what to do in every circumstance. Every work place should have a COSSH institutionalize which lists all the hazardous substances used in the setting. The file should detail such information where they are kepthow they are designatetheir effectsthe maximum amount of time its safe to be exposed to them and how to deal with an emergency involving one of them.Never mix any products together as they could produce toxic fumes. Some bleaches and cleaning products, for instance have this effect. In our setting all our cleaning products are kept in the kitchen (where children are not allowed) in a high cupboard that only staff members can reach.